Raspberry Pi setup


  • administrators

    @ryan-roberts, you can add a line to that commands.json file like this, to add a command you want to be able to run:

    {"trigger":"apt update","command":"apt-get -y update","ground":"background","voice":"update"},
    

    If you find that your changes go away as soon as you save the file, then there's likely some bad json formatting in the file you tried to save. The most common problem is you have a comma on the last line.



  • This post is deleted!


  • Hi Russ..

    I think those instructions are not valid for the last raspio.
    I've got loads of errors that I am not sure how to solve.

    The following packages have unmet dependencies:
    nodejs : Conflicts: nodejs-legacy but 4.8.2~dfsg-1 is to be installed
    npm : Depends: node-abbrev (>= 1.0.4) but it is not going to be installed
    Depends: node-ansi (>= 0.3.0-2) but it is not going to be installed
    Depends: node-ansi-color-table but it is not going to be installed
    Depends: node-archy but it is not going to be installed
    Depends: node-block-stream but it is not going to be installed
    Depends: node-fstream (>= 0.1.22) but it is not going to be installed
    Depends: node-fstream-ignore but it is not going to be installed
    Depends: node-github-url-from-git but it is not going to be installed
    Depends: node-glob (>= 3.1.21) but it is not going to be installed
    Depends: node-graceful-fs (>= 2.0.0) but it is not going to be installed
    Depends: node-inherits but it is not going to be installed
    Depends: node-ini (>= 1.1.0) but it is not going to be installed
    Depends: node-lockfile but it is not going to be installed
    Depends: node-lru-cache (>= 2.3.0) but it is not going to be installed
    Depends: node-minimatch (>= 0.2.11) but it is not going to be installed
    Depends: node-mkdirp (>= 0.3.3) but it is not going to be installed
    Depends: node-gyp (>= 0.10.9) but it is not going to be installed
    Depends: node-nopt (>= 3.0.1) but it is not going to be installed
    Depends: node-npmlog but it is not going to be installed
    Depends: node-once but it is not going to be installed
    Depends: node-osenv but it is not going to be installed
    Depends: node-read but it is not going to be installed
    Depends: node-read-package-json (>= 1.1.0) but it is not going to be installed
    Depends: node-request (>= 2.25.0) but it is not going to be installed
    Depends: node-retry but it is not going to be installed
    Depends: node-rimraf (>= 2.2.2) but it is not going to be installed
    Depends: node-semver (>= 2.1.0) but it is not going to be installed
    Depends: node-sha but it is not going to be installed
    Depends: node-slide but it is not going to be installed
    Depends: node-tar (>= 0.1.18) but it is not going to be installed
    Depends: node-underscore but it is not going to be installed
    Depends: node-which but it is not going to be installed
    E: Error, pkgProblemResolver::Resolve generated breaks, this may be caused by held packages.


  • administrators

    @gutopa, I want to try to reproduce that error and fix it. Can you tell me what Raspberry Pi and what OS you're running?



  • Thanks Russ..

    I'm using a pi2 B with a fresh install from noob. So I believe it's all the last version of raspbian.


  • administrators

    Thanks @gutopa.

    My Pi2 B died. I have a Pi 3 but I'll try the latest version of NOOBS/Raspbian on my Pi Zero to hopefully reproduce the problem.

    EDIT: I was able reproduce the problem, and fortunately there's a simple solution. I updated the instructions above.

    I changed this line:

    apt-get -y install npm nodejs-legacy

    To this:

    apt-get -y install npm nodejs

    Thank you for reporting the problem.



  • @russ said in Raspberry Pi setup:

    systemctl start triggercmdagent

    Hi, i'm curious - i use python scripts to trigger my gpio pins on my raspberry... it appears that these are "Foreground" tasks... how do i do this in the background (so that when the pi reboots - it loads automatically again)

    Any tips?


  • administrators

    @atmosphere, in your commands.json file, make the ground field background instead of foreground. That way it will run in the context of the background service.

     {
      "trigger": "GPIO 6 on",
      "command": "python /root/gpio6on.py",
      "ground": "background",
      "voice": "6 on"
     },
    

    Run this to install the background service:

    /usr/share/triggercmdagent/app/src/installdaemon.sh


  • Hi Russ..

    Could you give me some tips about how to remove it from raspbian?

    Thank you


  • administrators

    @gutopa, you could uninstall the Raspberry Pi agent using these commands:

    systemctl stop triggercmdagent
    /usr/share/triggercmdagent/app/src/removedaemon.sh
    apt remove triggercmdagent
    

    Then you should delete the computer from your account on the website.



  • hello! my end goal is to launch an html file on my raspberry pi 3b+ using IFTTT (i have a small display plugged into my pi on which i'm expecting to see the file). i'm fairly sure i've gotten everything set up correctly in that i can see evidence of the command having run in IFTTT, my TRIGGERcmd dashboard, and in the CLI when i run "systemctl status triggercmdagent".

    i have almost no native idea what i am doing, but i'm a pretty good tinkerer and an excellent copy-and-paster so the command i cobbled together is:
    {"trigger":"myTriggerName","command":"chromium-browser file:///home/pi/myFile.html","ground":"background","voice":"myTriggerName","allowParams":"false"}

    when i try to trigger that command via IFTTT or my TRIGGERcmd Triggers list, nothing actually happens other than the three locations i mention above showing some acknowledgement that the command was run. but when i run "chromium-browser file:///home/pi/myFile.html" via the CLI, the file opens in chromium exactly as i expect, so this all leads me to believe i have formatted the command incorrectly somehow.

    any help here would be much appreciated!


  • administrators

    @erin-leiker, I think the problem is you're running the triggercmd agent as a background daemon, and your command is running with "ground": "background", so you can't see the result of your command.

    So to make it work, you'll need to:

    1. Run the agent in the foreground by running the "triggercmdagent" command in a terminal window in X Windows.
    2. Trigger your command in the foreground with "ground": "foreground" in your commands.json file.


  • @russ thank you for the tips! i did some googling on x windows, and it sounds like it's a way to access or view the pi remotely. do i still need x windows if i have the pi booting to the desktop and i have a screen on it so i can access it directly?

    i updated the trigger to "foreground" and tried running triggercmdagent from the cli, but still i just see the log of the command having been run instead of the results of the command (opening that html file).


  • administrators

    @erin-leiker, that's interesting. You might need to specify the full path of chromium-browser, so your command would be something like:

    /path/to/chromium-browser file:///home/pi/myFile.html
    

    To find the path, type this:

    which chromium-browser
    

    If you're booting to the GUI, that's X Windows. I'll boot up one of my Pi's and see if I can reproduce the problem you're having.

    EDIT: I tried it on my Pi. I found that it worked with or without the full path. I tried /usr/bin/chromium-browser and just chromium-browser and both worked for me, so I don't know what's wrong in your case.
    Can you try a simpler command, like echo Testing >> /tmp/test.txt ?
    When I did that, it created a /tmp/test.txt file when I remotely ran the command.



  • @russ whew, i think i figured it out! if i'm right, it all comes down to users.

    the instructions for installing on a raspberry pi are based on running all the commands/installations as a root user. the "chromuim-browser" command does not work when executed as the root user, only the default "pi" user. so i switched the command from "chromium-browser" to "xdg-open", which does essentially the same thing for my purposes, and it worked! well, almost.

    i'm trying to launch an html file, and the mime type is "text/html" which opens with chromium by default for the pi user (yay!), but with the geany text editor for root (boo). i solved this by tweaking the command to run under the pi user, and it works as expected!

    {"trigger":"myTriggerName","command":"su - pi -c 'xdg-open /home/pi/myFile.html'","ground":"foreground","voice":"myTriggerName","allowParams":"false"}

    the only downside is that there is a noticeable delay in triggering this command. and i also have to open a terminal window, switch to the root user, and then run "triggercmdagent" before i can successfully trigger it. with this info, do you happen to know if/how i can:

    1. auto run triggercmdagent on boot? the install instructions seem to state that it will launch in the background on boot, so i changed the command to "background" but no dice. still have to run triggercmdagent from terminal as root.

    2. run/install triggercmdagent under the pi user instead of root? i think that would help speed up the execution of the command significantly.

    thank you so much!


  • administrators

    @erin-leiker, please give this a try:

    1. Run this as your pi user to allow root to send stuff to your pi user's Xwindows:
    xhost si:localuser:root
    
    1. Install the background service as root with:
    /usr/share/triggercmdagent/app/src/installdaemon.sh
    
    1. Make sure this variable is set when your command runs as root in the context of your triggercmdagent:
    export DISPLAY=:0.0
    

    Your agent will be running in background mode, so the commands need "ground": "background" to run that way.

    I suggest testing with galculator. It's an xwindows calculator app.


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